Although the ICD 9 code for abdominal pain specifies different abdominal conditions, most doctors focus on diagnosing discomforts felt on the flank and the pelvic region of the patient. It may not be as accurate as getting the diagnosis based on the quadrants, it is still helpful in narrowing down and specifying what is experienced by their patient.
What is flank pain?
Flank pain refers to the experience of discomfort in one side of the body, and is mostly located on the upper region of the abdomen and the back.
Symptoms of flank pain
The primary symptom for flack pain is that the pain is described as colicky (wave-like pain that comes and goes over a period of time). However, if the flank pain is accompanied by the following symptoms, it is best to consult a doctor to find out its cause:
- There is constipation or diarrhea
- Dizziness and feeling nauseated
- Rashes also appear
- Traces of blood in the urine or stool
- Fever and/or chills
Causes of flank pain
If an individual experiences flank pain, it can be caused by the following conditions:
- Kidney stones, abscess (an area inside the body where pus has accumulated), and infection. This is considered as the primary cause of the discomfort
- Arthritis or other back problems such as spinal fracture
- Diseases in the internal organs covered in the upper abdomen such as the liver, pancreas, and gall bladder
- Gastrointestinal diseases (those related to the alimentary canal such as stomach and intestines).
What is pelvic pain?
Pelvic pain refers to the discomfort felt on the pelvic region, which covers the lower quadrants of the abdomen. Although there are some differences when it comes to the causes of discomfort on this region for men and women, both genders do experience pelvic pain.
What causes it?
The following conditions are pointed out to be the cause of such discomfort:
For women only
Some causes of pelvic pain are specific for women, as the lower quadrant of their abdominal region contains some parts in their reproductive system.
- Dysmenorrhea – feeling of discomfort during their menstrual period
- Ectopic pregnancy – happens when the fertilized egg attaches itself to any part of the female reproductive system other than the uterus
- Ovarian cyst
- Uterine and cervical cancer
For both genders
The following condition can be experienced by both male and female:
- Appendicitis – caused by the inflammation of the appendix, a vestigial organ found on the right lower quadrant
- Broken pelvic bone
- Different intestinal disorders
- Dysfunction of bladder
- Sexually transmitted diseases